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Palliative surgery

A Brief Description

These are methods that are adopted to improve the condition of a patient. Palliative surgery is normally characterized by management, evaluation and patient care for those who undergo various surgeries. The sensation of pain is something that accelerates the anxiety and fear of the patients. Palliative surgeries are performed in order to relieve the patient from the immense pain caused due to cancer. It is seen that multiple pain sessions are observed in almost 80% of cancer cases. As the cancer advances, the intensity of pain also increases. The palliative surgeries are regarded as non-cancer directed surgeries. These surgeries include stent placement, nerve block procedure for pain signal interruption etc. They are explained below.

  • Nerve block procedure: Pain relief is felt when the pain signals to/from the brain are interrupted. In this procedure, an injection containing substances like alcohol or phenol is made onto the spine/nerve.
  • Preventive fractures: Fractures can arise when cancer affects the bone and becomes very weak. As a preventive measure, a metal rod is used that is pinned with the bone.
  • Advanced palliative treatment procedures like using the acrylic cement for replacing the removed bone/for spine stabilization and endoprothesis have become successful
  • Radiotherapy: Radiation also plays a major role in palliative care. It is mainly used in the cases of advanced cancer. It gives relief from intense pain arising from bone metastases.